March 6-22, 1999
Allen & Nancy Chartier
Amphibians & Reptiles
Birds Lifers are in boldface,
Mammals unusual species are underlined.
Totals seen are in brackets.
|Not much notice was taken of the plants, as there aren't
many references available. A few plants are mentioned in two books by
Margaret Jeffries. Royal Chitwan National Park: Wildlife Heritage of
Nepal and Mount Everest National Park: Sagarmatha Mother of the
Universe. An orchid was seen on Pulchowki Mtn. that appeared to be
in the Genus Dendrobium, a widespread Asian species, and the Tree
Rhododendron, Rhododendron arboreum, was in bloom at around 6000
- 7000 feet. In Chitwan NP, we learned that there are 70 species of
grass, including Saccharum spontaneum, Imperatra cylindrica,
Phragmites karka, and Typha elephantina. The forest around
Temple Tiger was Sal forest, which is dominated by Sal (Shorea
robusta). The two commonest trees on river islands and riverine
forest are Shishoo (Dalbergia sissoo) and Khair (Acacia
catechu). The most conspicuous tree around Temple Tiger, since it
was in bloom, was Palash or Flame-of-the-Forest (Butea monosperma).
|Butterflies were conspicuous only at Fishtail Lodge and
Chitwan NP. We purchased a copy of Butterflies of Nepal by Colin
Smith, 1994, in Kathmandu, and used it to identify the following species
seen. All were "Lifers."
|Amphibians & Reptiles|
|An extremely helpful book was Herpetology of China
by Er-mi Zhao and Kraig Adler, 1993, although it was too big to bring
along. Color scans of relevant species were brought along instead. The
snake was identified using Living Snakes of the World in Color by
John M. Mehrtens, 1987.
Several species of unidentified frogs were heard calling at Chitwan NP.
Himalayan Toad (Bufo himalayanus)
Mugger Crocodile (Crocodylus
Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus)
Garden Lizard (Calotes versicolor)
Gecko sp. (Hemidactylus sp.)
Radiated Ratsnake (Elaphe radiata)
A total of 286 species was recorded, with 189 life birds for Allen and 180 life birds for Nancy. We both got our 3000th life bird, Allen's was Blue-throated Barbet at Fishtail Lodge on March 12, and Nancy's was the Spotted Owlet in Pokhara on March 14.
The list of birds is too extensive to display on this page. Click here to view the bird list and links to bird photos.
|The Field Guide to the Mammals of the Indian
Subcontinent by K.K. Gurung and Raj Singh, 1996, was very helpful.
Several additional references were required to identify the squirrel
seen in Bangkok. The closest we came to Tiger and Leopard was seeing
their tracks only hours after they had passed by. A total of 14
species was seen.
Indian Flying Fox (Pteropus
giganticus)  PHOTO
Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta)
Hanuman (Gray) Langur (Presbytis
Yellow-throated Marten (Martes
Small Indian Mongoose (Herpestes
Indian Gray Mongoose (Herpestes
Indian Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros
unicornis)  PHOTO
Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) 
Indian Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjac)
Chital (Spotted) Deer (Cervus axis)
Hog Deer (Cervus porcinus) 
Northern Palm Squirrel (Funambulus
Hoary-bellied Himalayan Squirrel (Callosciurus
Beautiful Squirrel (Callosciurus